Different water purification systems

If your water smells, or you simply want to improve the quality of the water that you and your family use at home, then you may want to look into the different water purification systems that are available for installation.  Each works in a different way to remove contaminants from the water to make it healthier and tastier.   First and foremost, you need to have your water tested to find out what is in it, since many of the contaminants cannot be seen with the naked eye and only hydrogen sulfide can be smelled.  It is best to find an independent company to do the testing so you are not sold something you do not need.   Chances are, if you get your water from a public supply it is free of bacteria, however, there are times when the system that treats the water fails to do so.  In those instances, you will be informed to boil your water before using it to cook or before you drink it.  While boiling will remove harmful contaminants, it will also make the water taste flat. Adding one of the many water purification systems to your home will ensure that you and your family never have to worry again about what may be in the water.  Three of the most popular are reverse osmosis, distillation and ion exchange.  You can also add various filters to your water system.  There are mechanical filters, oxidizing and neutralizing filters.  Each is designed to get different things out of the water.  They can be used alone or together.   Reverse osmosis is when water is passed through a semi-permeable membrane.  It can remove up to 90% of impurities from the water.  However, it uses a large amount of water of which, up to 75% is discarded.  Therefore, it is best to install it for drinking and cooking, only, usually under the kitchen sink.   Another of the water purification systems that is available for your home is distillation.  This process cleans the water by turning it into steam.  It is a slow process that only produces one gallon of water for each five gallons that go through the process.  It may also use a considerable amount of electricity.   Finally, there is ion exchange.  This is also known as water softening.  Salt is used to remove calcium and magnesium from the water.  While it does not use as much water as reverse osmosis or distilling, however, it does not get rid of as much.  It will get rid of the film that seems to cover whatever the water touches and make your soap and detergent work better, as well.  In addition, it can also increase the life of your pipes and water heater.  It is recommended that those on a low salt diet not consume the water that goes through a water softener or the ion exchange process.   Regardless of which water purification system you choose for your home, be sure to have it professionally installed in order to avoid plumbing problems.

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